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Common Name



Latin name





Similar species






Syncerus caffer



Massive ox like creature usually found in large herds of females, young and immature males. Older males live solitary or with other older males visiting breeding females when required. Possibly second most dangerous large animal in Africa. Males develop huge swelling to base of horns.



Forest Buffalo only found in the deep forests of the Congo. Much more sandy and smaller in size than the Cape buffalo.







Tragelaphus(Taurotragus oryx)



This with the Lord Derby Eland found in Kenya is Africa’s largest antelope standing 1.5 to 1.7m at the shoulder they have been known to jump a 2m fence. Fawn in colour with a dark face and straight slightly spiraled horns. Lord Derby eland has stripes on its flanks and is more reddish.



Lord Derby Eland. Less black on face and more red in colour with body stripes.



Greater Kudu



Tragelaphus strepsiceros



Large antelope with large very spiraled horns males darker than females are tawny grey with stripes on flanks, females more sandy coloured with lighter stripes. White chevron markings on face between eyes along with (in some specimens) some small spots, Fringed dewlap in adult male. Neck more grey than rest of body.



Lesser Kudu

Tragelaphus imberbis

Very similar to Kudu but slightly smaller and more purplish in colour. No fringe to the dewlap is present as in Kudu and there are two large whitish spots on the neck one at the top and the other below its joint with the head females are very similar to kudu females. Mainly found in East Africa (Kenya) but does occur in some southern game reserves.







Tragelaphus argasi



Looks very like a scruffy

Kudu with a long fringe of hairs from the back of its head to its rumps on top and similar underneath from chin to rear legs. Horns in males only are less spiraled than Kudu and generally have a

yellow tip to the ends.

Females are similar to Kudu but have a dark stripe between the nose and forehead.



Kudu and lesser Kudu.