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Ssall rock dwelling antelope usually n pairsmall stocky looking grey brown antelope found in rocky outcrops stony slopes etc. Walks on tip toe the hooves these being slightly softer than most antelope and giving better purchase on smooth rock surfaces. Lighter around muzzle and under chin with large dark eyes that are made to look much bigger from a distance by there close proximity to the pre-orbital facial gland. Males have short smooth horns. Small tail. Browser.



Common Name



Latin name






Similar species






Ourebia ourebia



Tallest of the small antelope types the Oribi is like a transition between Dik Diks and Impala. Sandy red in colour with white muzzle and under belly it has a short black tail. Pale eye ring is present. Longish neck. Black spot under ears is unique.Rams carry small horns which rise straight up.



Steenbok is similar in size and appearance but lacks the black spot under ears.






Raphicerus campestris



Like a large Dik Dik sandy in colour with lighter under-parts and white eye ring, almost no tail. Males carry small pricket horns rising almost vertical from head, quite large ears. Inside of rear legs whitish. Drinks very little obtaining most of its moisture from food.Both browse and graze are taken.



Similar to Oribi.



Cape Grysbok



Raphicerus melanotis.



Similar in height to Steenbok (50cm at shoulder) this antelope is like a rough coated stocky steenbok its sandy coat being longer and rougher than the steenboks and interspersed with grey hairs in the pelage. Tail is almost absent and underparts are off white. Males carry short vertical smooth horns. Ears are darker on back and there is a pre-orbital gland on the face.



Sharpe’s Grysbok

Raphicerus sharpei


identical to Cape but has a pair of false hooves above the fetlock





Oreotragus oreotragus



Possible to confuse with the Grey Rhebok which is found in similar habitats but has larger more upright horns and does not walk on tiptoes.



Small rock dwelling antelope usually in pairs about as big as a small lamb. Very proficient jumper and very at home in the rock koppies where it can move over the difficult terrain with speed. Walks on tip toes.