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Common Name



Latin name






Similar species






Hystrix africaeaustralis



Large (1 m inc tail) rodent with crest of long hair, which, along with the quills can be erected making the animal look much larger than it is. The quills have very small barbs which make them very painful and difficult to remove. Feeding on roots, bark, plants, fallen fruit, tubers and occasionally scavenging. Usually solitary, terrestrial and nearly always nocturnal.



Brush tailed porcupine.



Brush tailed




Atherusus africanus



Smaller than the similar porcupine the brush tailed porcupine lacks the neck crest of hair and has fewer and smaller quills. The tail is bald but has a brush shaped tuft of hairs at the end. The brush tailed is arboreal and terrestrial in habits whereas the common Porcupine is strictly a terrestrial animal. Both species live in burrows and will wedge their selves in the entrance spines outward when attacked.



Should not be confused with common porcupine because of smaller size and lack of head and neck spines also the ears are held more aloft.







Orycteropus afer



Looks like a cross between a pig and a kangaroo this large(1.8m long inc tail and 60cm at shoulder) animal is the only member of its order (Tubulidenta). Very powerful digger this animal can disappear before your eyes if you are luck enough to see one. Always nocturnal by nature it feeds almost exclusively on termites, their larvae and eggs using its long sticky tongue.



Unmistakable if you are lucky enough to see one.



Spring hare



Pedates capensis



Hare sized rodent that progresses with a biped motion of the rear legs. Sandy coloured coat lighter underneath. Uses its long thick tail ending in a black tip for balance and steering. Lives in burrows almost always nocturnal and terrestrial. Feeds on roots, shoots, vegetation etc.